There are hundreds of different types of cells in the human body and their uses are very specific to each type of cell. Each type performs a specific function and the combination of those functions makes the body work.
The smallest units of all living organisms, cells, are a fascinating combination of individually-functioning parts. There are hundreds of different types of cells in the human body and their uses vary depending on the part of the body in which they reside. Different types of cells make up the nervous system, the respiratory system, and every other part of the body.
Epithelial cells, or skin cells, divide and reproduce much more quickly than some other types of cells. Skin cells form a protective barrier between delicate organs and the outside world. Not only do skin cells provide a means to contain all the various inner workings of the human body, but they also help to regulate body temperature, and to keep out infection.
Skin cells are square in shape and flat. Human skin itself is composed of layers of cells: The epidermis is the outermost, visible layer of skin which provides waterproof protection against foreign substances. The dermis, the layer beneath the epidermis, is a thick layer of tissue which contains glands, nerve endings, hair follicles, and blood vessels. The hyperdermis - also referred to as subcutaneous tissue - resides below the dermis and is mostly used for fat storage. Human muscles contain hundreds of thousands of muscle cells and each muscle cell performs a function specific to the type of muscle of which it is a part.
Individual muscle cells, or muscle fibers, are composed of myofibrils - cylindrical structures which contain both thick and thin filaments. The overlapping of these filaments creates cellular units called sarcomeres and when muscle fibers and sarcomeres are grouped together, they form what are called fascicles.
These bundles, or fascicles, are then grouped together to form human muscle. There are three different types of muscles within the human body: Skeletal muscle is anchored to bone by tendons and can be used to facilitate motion.
Cardiac muscle is similar in structure to skeletal muscle, but is only present in the heart. Smooth muscle, also called involuntary muscle, makes up the walls of organs and other bodily structures like the esophagus and blood vessels. Nerve cells, or neurons, are electrically charged cells that transmit information between different parts of the body by means of electrical and chemical signals. There are several specific types of neurons including the sensory neurons and motor neurons.
Sensory neurons respond to stimuli affecting the cells of sensory organs, like the eyes, and then send signals to the brain. Motor neurons transmit signals from the brain and spinal cord to other parts of the body to affect the glands and to stimulate muscle contractions which facilitate movement.
The inner membrane of the mitochondrion is involved in the final step in aerobic respiration. Discover the intricacies of this membrane and how it is the key to unlocking the full energy potential of food. The mitochondrion is one of the most important organelles in eukaryotic cells. Inside the double membranes of the mitochondrion is a matrix. Discover the nature of the mitochondrial matrix and the processes that occur there.
Learn the structure and function of this membrane. There are many different fibers and filaments that help cells and organisms move, walk, talk, breathe, etc. One of these filaments is called myosin. Watch the video lesson to find out what myosin is, how it works and its structure. Cells function in similar fashions to the organisms that they make up. They need to breathe, eat, drink, produce waste, etc. Cells have adapted ways in which to do these seemingly menial tasks, one of which, pinocytosis, we look at here.
Tropomyosin is an important player in muscle contraction. In this lesson, you will learn how it works together with other proteins to regulate skeletal muscle contraction. All living organisms are made up of cells, but do you know what a cell is? In this lesson, you can learn about the three main structures that all cells contain and about the two major types of cells. Did you know… We have over college courses that prepare you to earn credit by exam that is accepted by over 1, colleges and universities.
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Explore over 4, video courses. Find a degree that fits your goals. Try it risk-free for 30 days. This homework help resource uses simple and fun videos that are about five minutes long. Test your knowledge with a question chapter practice test. View all practice tests in this course. How a Phospholipid Bilayer Is Both Hydrophobic and Hydrophilic In this lesson, we will learn what gives phospholipids a dual personality.
The Fluid Mosaic Model of the Cell Membrane In this lesson, we will discuss the components of the cell membrane and why the fluid mosaic model paints the best picture of its structure. Passive Transport in Cells: Active Transport in Cells: Structure of the Nucleus: Eukaryotic and Prokaryotic Cells: Similarities and Differences In this lesson, we discuss the similarities and differences between the eukaryotic cells of your body and prokaryotic cells such as bacteria.
Membrane-Bound Organelles in Eukaryotic Cells Eukaryotic cells have several types of organelles working inside them. Test your knowledge of this chapter with a 30 question practice chapter exam. Other Practice Exams in this course. Test your knowledge of the entire course with a 50 question practice final exam.
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In an animal cell, the function of a cell membrane is to separate the items within a cell, from everything outside the cell. The cell membrane also plays a very important role with the cytoskeleton in determining the shape of a cell. The cell membrane plays a vital role in helping group a bunch of cells together in order to form tissues.
The Cell Biology chapter of this High School Biology Homework Help course helps students complete their cell biology homework and earn better grades. This homework help resource uses simple and fun videos that are about five minutes long.
Stem Cells Homework Help Germinal stem cells are essential in survival and reproductive biology of a species, the eye of the needle through as well as the medium for transferring the genetic material from one generation to the next. Cell Biology: Homework Help Chapter Exam Instructions. Choose your answers to the questions and click 'Next' to see the next set of questions. You can skip questions if .
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