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It all seems unreal since they know they are innocent and a horrible mistake is occurring. This short-sightedness is thought to be particularly likely among innocent detainees as well as those with psychological or cognitive vulnerabilities. The innocent presume their innocence will prevail and that a false confession will be proven false in the long run and, in the short run, the interrogation will end. Those with psychological or cognitive vulnerabilities tend to be impulsive and that can also lead to a false confession due to the pressures felt in the interrogation room.

Finally, contrary to popular belief and what we see on weekly television crime shows, the administration of the Miranda warning is not at all standardized. Warnings differ across jurisdictions in the United States in length, reading difficulty and whether they are administered verbally or in writing. If the detainee is examined with an intent to simply gain information, they are less likely to confess, either truly or falsely.

But if the investigator approaches the interrogation believing the detainee is guilty, the ensuing interrogation is more pressure-filled and coercive. This results in the innocent detainee who is likely to waive their rights being at increased risk for false confession due to the pressure of the interrogation process.

Using the interrogation strategies of minimization or maximization e. When the interrogator has drawn conclusions prior to the interrogation itself, the value of the resulting interrogation is greatly reduced. The bluff consists of the interrogator pretending to have evidence without actually claiming the evidence implicates the suspect.

In research studies, the bluff results in innocent participants falsely confessing. However, the actual bluff effect hypothesis was identified from retrospective reports of those who had actually falsely confessed. Police investigators believe that the bluff will elicit confessions from the guilty who believe they have been found out but not the innocent who know full well that any evidence would not implicate them.

The reality may be quite the opposite since the innocent person believes the bluff implies future exoneration from suspicion. This logic was also revealed in the case of Jeffrey Deskovic. During a 6-hour interrogation, police asserted that they had collected DNA at the rape and murder scene for testing. At that point, despite—or because of—his innocence, Deskovic confessed and was later convicted. After his exoneration, he explained why he confessed: Interestingly, there was DNA evidence in this case and the test did exclude Deskovic.

He was tried anyway, however, and convicted by a jury. Overall, two factors appear to be associated with the elicitation of false confessions: In addition to the situational stressors to which anyone is susceptible, there are also certain groups of people who are more likely to falsely confess. Researchers refer to these people as being more vulnerable to external pressure and therefore, especially vulnerable in the interrogation room.

Two other groups are also at risk for false confession: In other words, the louder the detainees protestations of innocence, the more interrogation pressure results.

Thus, while in the interrogation room, they experience anxiety, and behave in ways that may be suspicious to the interrogator smiling, moving their hands, controlling speech, avoiding eye contact, speaking in a higher pitched voice as well as engaging in more deceptive behaviors when interacting with the police than do White American detainees Najdowski, This experience is not solely those of adult minority males.

When the US Census reports only Multiple researchers believe this over-representation of minority detainees falsely confessing reflects their sense of hopelessness and futility in overcoming the stereotypes of their racial groups. This is actually an oddly simple answer. False confessions occur for every type of crime—not just very serious crimes. Research has long shown that humans are very poor at detecting deception, even after being trained.

This number is no higher for police detectives who specialize in lie detection. Yet we persist in our beliefs that we, ourselves, can detect deception much better than can others. We hear this belief routinely from our mock jurors who rely on nonverbal cues such as eye contact or fidgeting.

In truth, the main strategy that increases your accuracy in detecting deception is when you rely on content as opposed to behavioral cues. Liars often contradict themselves. According to recent research, those who rely on content do the best in identifying deception while those who rely on signs of shifty behavior do no better than chance Hamezelou, Lies are best detected by transcript, not by tape.

Finally, in a particularly cruel twist, the advocates for the accused themselves are often involved in the wrongful conviction. Further review shows false confessors are more likely to plead guilty Other evidence is interpreted or rather re-interpreted in a manner that supports the confession. File review has shown repeated instances of evidence contamination in those cases where there is a false confession. English courts require confessions be corroborated by other independent evidence.

This review of the research clearly indicates that a false confession is far from harmless error. Rather, it results in a cascade of additional errors that greatly increase the prospects of a wrongful conviction. We found exactly the same pattern in this sample as we have with mock juries. Even in cases where judges ruled that a highly coerced confession was not voluntary by law, they continued to use that confession as a basis for conviction.

Drawing on criminal justice statistics involving proven false confessions, Professors Steven Drizin and Richard Leo found that among innocent confessors who pled not guilty and went to trial, approximately four out of five were convicted. How can we get judges, juries, and other decision makers past the commonsense judgment that only perpetrators confess? They examined a group of 65 people who confessed. The study was a retrospective analysis of criminals with mental health issues.

A careful look at the differences between the two groups showed that those who later said that their confessions were false were questioned more times, took longer to confess, perceived the evidence against them to be weaker, and felt higher levels of external pressure to confess.

And ultimately, those who recanted were found guilty of the charged offenses 4 times as often. In one case, for example, John Kogut, who was eventually exonerated on the basis of DNA evidence, had alibi witnesses who withdrew their support once told by police that he had confessed.

In a second case, Barry Laughman confessed to rape and murder. The case of year-old Marty Tankleff, who was wrongly convicted for the murder of his parents, illustrates the point.

During a five-plus hour interrogation, the lead detective outright lied to Tankleff about the evidence—e. By citing the most trusted source in his life, police led Tankleff to wonder if he had blacked out and murdered his parents, ultimately leading him to question his own innocence.

On the basis of a confession he gave but quickly retracted, Tankleff was convicted. There is no sense that they are any longer making things up—the fabrication becomes part of the memory, part of the story we tell. In other words, what is recalled about a memory may not be the memory itself but what we recalled on a subsequent telling or retelling!

This finding can have disastrous impact on the detainee who has falsely confessed. While the legal system has grave difficulty distinguishing between true and false confessions, there are some things we actually do know about the differences between true and false confessions. What we know from research is displayed in tabular format below for ease of comparison and review.

Typically result from the experience of internal pressure such as guilt, shame or feeling caught by the weight of the evidence. Contain more self-deprecations and doubts about own testimony.

These are emotionally-based indicators. Short-term gain in stopping interrogation, threats, protecting the true perpetrator as reasons for confessing. The length of interrogation wears down the detainee and results in false confession Garret, Doing otherwise, which is common practice in the US, raises too much risk for the acceptance of a false confession, which is four times more likely to result in wrongful conviction.

Other recommendations for decreasing the incidence of false confessions follow. Preventing false confessions begins with training. It is not, in most cases, due to police or prosecutorial misconduct.

These people are innocent, and yet the cases against them appear to be very strong because what happened in the interrogation room was not documented. Helping investigators understand techniques for increasing internal pressures rather than less reliable external pressure would reduce false confessions. Building an evidence trail that does not rely on a recanted confession would further reduce error. Saul Kassin suggests banning the use of deception and outright lying during interrogation.

Once you do that, even the innocent are going to get really anxious and start looking guilty. Instead of lying, police often use bluffing. But now he notes that although bluffing can prompt the guilty to confess in order to cut a better deal, it can backfire when it comes to someone who is innocent.

In this instance, innocent people often believe that the evidence will exonerate them, which paradoxically makes it easier for them to confess. Many researchers suggest videotaping all interrogations, and not just the resulting confession. It is much easier for prosecutors, investigators, jurors and even judges to assess the validity of a confession if they can view a videotape of how the confession was achieved Kassin, Clearly, this is not an area of defense control—courts and law enforcement authorities who are committed to reducing false confessions would need to adopt different standards.

It is also true that interrogation videotaping will provide defense counsel more material to work with in attempting to criticize police methods, which police and prosecutors will understandably resist.

On the other hand, videotaping all interrogation sessions also offers police videotaped proof of legal interrogation practices when accused. Research has also found focusing on content rather than suspicious or shifty behavior is the best way to identify deception.

If interrogation sessions are transcribed, there are ample opportunities for counsel to show deception, coercion, threats and intimidation—or conversely, the lack thereof. As interrogation sessions lengthen, the incidence of false confessions rises. Perhaps the simplest reform is a limitation on length of interrogation. Much research shows that the presumption of guilt results in a more pressure-filled interrogation process which, in turn, leads to an increase in false confessions.

As shown in the mock juror comments throughout this paper, it is an automatic reaction to presume that you would never, ever confess to a serious crime unless you are guilty. The research itself offers a counter-intuitive conclusion. This paper offers an overview of some perspectives drawn from the research on false confessions, and strategies for reducing their occurrence. Our goal in presenting this material is not to obstruct authorities from catching and convicting criminals, but to minimize error.

In other words, to maximize the probability of getting it right, when both public safety and individual rights are at stake. Original image from film, "Knock on Any Door. He assists law firms with trial strategy including focus groups and mock trials on major civil litigation and white-collar criminal defense.

He assists with voir dire strategy, jury selection, witness preparation, and related services. She is a psychologist with extensive experience as a testifying expert witness, management consultation and training in the multi-generational workplace.

Police errors fuel false confessions. Jurors believe interrogation tactics are not likely to elicit false confessions: Neural correlates of reactivation and retrieval-induced distortion.

The Journal of neuroscience: The official journal of the Society for Neuroscience, 32 35 , Ego depletion, failures of self-regulation, and the decision to confess. Psychology, Public Policy, and Law. False-evidence ploys and interrogations: Behavioral Sciences and the Law, The substance of false confessions.

Stanford Law Review, 62, Justice will be done. New Scientist, , Minimization and maximization techniques: The psychology of confessions. Albany Law Review, 73 4 , Why confessions trump innocence. Kassin, SM, Bogart, D. Evidence from the DNA exoneration case files.

Psychological Science, 23 1 , Police Interrogations and False Confessions: Current Research, Practice and Policy Recommendations. From false confession to wrongful conviction: How factors present during the immediate interrogation situation produce short-sighted confession decisions. Law and Human Behavior. Stereotype threat in criminal interrogations: Why innocent black suspects are at risk for confessing falsely. Psychology, Public Policy and Law, 17 4 , Modeling the influence of investigator bias on the elicitation of true and false confessions.

The lie, the bluff and false confessions. Redlich, AD, Kulish, R. Comparing true and false confessions among persons with serious mental illness. Psychology, Public Policy, and Law, 17 3 , Proposal to reverse the view of a confession: From key evidence requiring corroboration to corroboration for key evidence.

Michigan Journal of Law Reform, , Spring. You have the right to understand: Detecting lies and deceit: Second edition New York, NY: How do judges respond to confession errors? The moderating effect of manipulative intent and cognitive resources on the evaluation of narrative ads.

A new application of statement analysis? Legal and Criminological Psychology, 17, Several years ago, Kassin pioneered the scientific study of false confessions, research for which he received a presidential award from the American Psychological Association.

Risk Factors and Recommendations. A new Ken Burns documentary just opened in theaters around the world. Four of their confessions were on videotape—and they were compelling. Within 72 hours, as the world watched, the NYPD had solved it.

The boys were promptly tried, convicted, and sentenced to prison for varying amounts of time. And almost no one blinked—until , when Matias Reyes—a serial rapist serving a life sentence—stepped out from the shadows of prison and proclaimed that he alone was the Central Park jogger rapist.

He, not the boys, was the rapist. Their confessions, all five of them, were false. Keene and Handrich note that interrogation can wear down just about anyone, producing a state of short-term or myopic decision-making. Some suspects are particularly weak and malleable—notably, juveniles, people with cognitive deficiencies, and people who are compliant, anxious, delusional, suggestible, or otherwise psychologically disordered. The inconceivable fact that innocent people can be induced to confess to crimes they did not commit is only half the story.

Part of the problem is that common sense arms us to trust confessions, which are after all, statements against self-interest. The result is a forensic confirmation bias in which additional errors of evidence multiply the influence of the true or false confession on which they are based. In addition to describing the limits and pitfalls of confession evidence, Keene and Handrich describe the suggestions for reform that my colleagues and I have proposed over the years.

Chief among reforms is to require the electronic recording of interrogations—not just the final confessions, as in the Central Park jogger case, but the entire process that was used to elicit these statements.

New York City added itself to the list this past month. Keene and Handrich go on from there to describe other suggestions arising from the research community—most importantly, in my view, a ban or at least serious curtailment of the false evidence ploy by which interrogators lie to suspects about eyewitness identifications, polygraph results, forensic examinations, and other allegedly incriminating evidence that does not exist. Outright lies about evidence—which many Americans do realize to be lawful—cause suspects to feel trapped, disoriented, and in need of escape via confession.

To the average person, false confessions are indeed a mystery. In laboratories and field settings, however, and informed by case files from wrongful convictions, psychologists and other researchers have begun to demystify the phenomenon. With help from Keene, Handrich, and others, what we have learned will become matters of public knowledge.

With this knowledge, I believe, will come justice. For a criminal defense trial attorney, the challenge raised by Drs. John is the co-founder of the group, Dark Star Orchestra, a band exclusively devoted to playing the well-documented actual setlists of the Grateful Dead.

He recorded his first demo at age 16 and it found its way into the hands of the president of Atlantic Records. More recently, Johnny returned to his solo career and started his own record label, J Skillz Records in Johnny was born in Rhode Island. When he was in his early teens his heart was already set on being a musician and he was playing with various blues greats across Chicago, Ann Arbor and Detroit.

His travels to Louisiana exposed him to Cajun music. He then moved to Austin mixing western swing with jump blues as a member of Asleep at the Wheel. Johnny says he spent the 70s traveling because, "I was in the river , man, and I was just flowing with it, you know? This firebrand singer-songwriter and pianist is currently riding the wave of a tremendous couple of years.

For Owen, it is something of a gift for her fans, both old and new. She molds the familiar melodies and lyrics to contemporary pop hits and longtime favorites to her unmistakable voice and style. For some songs, the connections are fairly easy to make.

Work that resonated loudly with Owen. She is someone who is one of the guys. She does not lead with her sexuality. She leads with her musicianship and her abilities. The most important thing is to be respected on stage and in the studio. She nailed it in that one line and it really touched me. That song became more of a torch song. Kasey is an Australian country music artist who first came onto the scene in , when she recorded her album, The Captain , which was released the following year.

The lead single on the album, "Not Pretty Enough", went number one, making Kasey the only Australian country artist to have a number one single and album simultaneously. Since then she has released 9 more albums, the most recent of which, Dragonfly , in His album Duotones led to his discovery and subsequent fame.

The biggest-selling instrumental musician of the modern era, Kenny G proves that saxophone music never goes out of style. He started learning to play at age With practice he earned first chair the next year, and only got better from there.

After high school, he continued to play professionally while working towards a degree in accounting at the University of Washington. Upon graduation, he joined The Jeff Lorber Fusion. His long and successful career has earned him accolades such as a Grammy for Best Instrumental Composition for his song "Forever in Love". Kenny G also holds a Guinness World Record for the longest note played on a saxophone. She made her debut in and has been developing her unique form of rock and roll ever since!

Kim creates unique blends of pop, rock and roots music, and combines it with her own life experiences to create a distinct sound, which has created a loyal fanbase and gained her accolades, such as "Female Vocalist of the Year" by the Dallas Observer. Kylie has been called an old soul and penned over songs. An indie artist with hints of jazz, soul and pop influences her southern roots make for a unique twist in her vocal character.

Her iconic sound is refreshing, original and emotional. This four-piece band was formed in and signed in to Bella Union record label.

Their latest album was released in November of with the lead singer, Hazel, stating, "We wanted it to be more raw. At its lightest we wanted it to feel like you were coming up for air. Lawrence Gowan is a Scottish born, Canadian musician who is known both for his extensive solo career and for replacing Dennis DeYoung as the vocalist for the band Styx.

His impressive solo career earned him numerous accolades, such as 12 Juno nominations, 2 Juno wins, and a star on the Hollywood Walk of Fame, among others. Lee Roy Parnell is a Texan guitarist and singer-songwriter, with a long line of musicians in his family before him. He effortlessly brings together the sounds of Texas Swing, Gospel and Delta Blues in his unique fusion of blues and country, refusing to adhere to conventional sounds that traditionally accompany the two genres.

Leni Stern is a world leader in the jazz tradition of electric guitar playing. For over 20 years she has led critically acclaimed ensembles featuring some of the most notable names in jazz, blues and African music. Stern has also won multiple awards for composition and songwriting. Platinum-selling Lenny Kravitz is one of the preeminent rock guitarists in the world.

Notable for his retro style, Kravitz is known for his chart-topping hits, his Grammy-award winning music, and his multi-instrumentalism. His funk style has earned him comparisons to one of the best guitarists of all time- Jimi Hendrix.

In the last decade Kravitz has expanded his musical style even more, working with hip-hop artists like Jay-Z, P. Lester Chambers is a soul and folk rock artist hailing from Mississippi who got his start as the lead singer of the Chambers Brothers. He has used his fame to speak out against record labels that steal from their artists and to fight racial injustice. Lewis was born in Washington D.

His parents raised him to appreciate the importance of education and the need to question authority, which have stayed with him throughout his life. His adoration of the theatre began when he saw his first play at age It was during his time at UNC that Lewis first ventured into stand-up comedy. His distinct stand-up style is angry, ranting, and belligerent, spanning topics such as politics, history, religion and pop-culture.

Lewis focuses on pointing out the absurd moments of everyday life, hypocrisy, and anyone who gets under his skin. In , he was asked to create a weekly segment for The Daily Show , which evolved into Back to Black, one of the longest-running and popular segments in show history. Records, and later a deal with the Comedy Central Records label. These albums have gained him 5 Grammy nominations and 2 wins.

On top of his playwriting, he is the successful author of three books, all of which have spent time on the New York Times best sellers list.

He is a long-time mentor with the 52nd Street Project, where he created the Ron Black Memorial Scholarship to honor his late brother. Hailed by SPIN Magazine as "the most powerful all-female band in rock history" in the hard rock "tribute" bands genre, Lez Zeppelin has gained worldwide critical acclaim for the musicianship, passion and gender-bending audacity they bring to the music of Led Zeppelin.

Jimmy Page attended their show in London and said of the group, "They played the Led Zeppelin music with an extraordinary sensuality and an energy and passion that highlighted their superb musicianship.

An American singer-songwriter and actress, she launched her career in with the song "Stay I Missed You " which was used in the film Reality Bites. She was the first artist to have a number one single in the U. Loeb has also released several songs for children, including "Catch the Moon" and "Camp Lisa". The band is a conjunto band that formed in They combined sounds and elements from several genres from Rock to Jazz, and incorporated the sounds of their childhood in New Mexico.

With pop, indie, Americana and root influences, Madison Violet has transfixed audiences across the world with their unique musical sound. Rhode Island based Marc Douglas Berardo is a hardworking, fast moving, adventure seeking, keen observer who lives for the story and the song.

Not many can say that by age 28 their band from college became a multi-platinum, Grammy Award winning act. Currently teaching at the College of Charleston, Mark remains passionate about creating opportunities for youth and up-and-comers to pursue music. Mark is constantly writing, and always manages to always make time for a jam session during his visits to The O Museum in The Mansion.

He is a big Redskins fan, having season tickets. Mary is a jazz and blues artist, often compared to Janis Joplin, who has moved on from performing in New York City subway tunnels to releasing four albums and sharing a stage with countless big names in music.

The Mastersons deliver magic in the form of rootsy, melodic, twangy, pop songs. Austin singer songwriter Matt the Electrician he started out as an electrician The Prince of Wales. His album Thriller is the best-selling album in history. His music videos, including those of "Beat It", "Billie Jean" and "Thriller" from his album Thriller, are notable for both their artistic style and their promotional functions. In addition to his wide range and powerful singing voice, Jackson was a talented dancer who propagated the use of two dance moves still used today: His unique sound has influenced artists across the board for generations to come.

His expansive career speaks for itself, but some of his notable credits include the Billboard Music Awards, the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame Induction Ceremony in , and His expansive career speaks for itself, but some of his notable credits include the Billboard Music Awards , the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame Induction Ceremony in , and The Grammy-nominated harmony duo have emerged as a powerful voice defining the new folk tradition.

Currently celebrating the release of their new album Coming Down The Mountain April 7, , Mipso ventures further than ever from their string-band pedigree to discover a broader Americana - where classic folk-rock and modern alt-country sounds mingle easily with Appalachian tradition.

Hailed as "hewing surprisingly close to gospel and folk while still sounding modern and secular. Be sure to bring a shopping bag everything is for sale! Click here to see the full list of music performers that have appeared at the museum.

Jim joins master American guitarists Doc Watson and Tony Rice as one of the finest interpreters and performers of bluegrass and traditional music. Jim Kerwin is considered simply one of the best string bass players in the country.

This is truly an all-star band! No Second Troy proves that the indie rock and pop music genres are not mutually exclusive. Although most people first came to know Mr. The son of a cement finisher and a house cleaner, Williams and his 10 siblings grew up in a musical household.

By his teenage years, he was paying his busfare with his music and at 22 he won an on-air talent show on WWDC. For Warner, the joy of playing music is far more important than the potential paycheck. This album was a worn several years in the making, but not in the usual way. Warner follows the tradition of songsters, who travel from street corners, to bus stations, to small venues, such as dive bars and house parties, all for the love of the music and to pay the bus fare home.

Though more famous for his work in Pennsylvania each Groundhogs Day, Punxatawny Phil has also graced the Mansion with his presence! Quincy Jones has worked in just about every area of entertainment including composer, artist, arranger, conductor, instrumentalist, record company executive, magazine founder, multi-media entrepreneur, humanitarian, investor, and record, film, and TV producer.

One of the most decorated artists he has won multiple awards including 25 Grammys, 1 Oscar, 1 Tony and 1 Emmy Award. Born in Chicago, and raised in Seattle, Quincy began playing the trumpet at a young age under the mentorship of Clark Terry and attended the Schillinger House now called Berklee College of Music in Boston.

He continued his music career, and in he became the first high-level black record executive at any established label when he was promoted to Vice President of Mercury Records. At 84 years old, Quincy shows no sign of slowing down anytime soon and is working on a variety of projects through his company, The Quincy Jones Global Network. The Ohio native honed her skills in Chicago, where she attended Columbia College, Los Angeles and Atlanta, working with industry up and comers.

Richie Havens Brooklyn native and the eldest of nine children, Richie was known for his intense and rhythmic guitar style. He became well-known for his opening performance at the Woodstock Festival. Richie went on to start his own record label, called Stormy Forest. The Legendary Soul Man. Voted one of the top voices of all time. Rolling Stone Magazine The Frank Sinatra of soul".

This husband and wife duo meld his love of rock and blues with her roots of folk and country to develop their own original southern rock sound. Their divine harmonies and fresh melodies are a hallmark of this southern rock group. His most well known album, Thank You Shirl-ee May, was released in It was written as homage to his mother, a nightclub singer who performed under the same name.

He is best known for his Grammy nominated song "Lullaby". He continued to study music in his college career, eventually becoming the bandmaster of the military marching band at his university, North Georgia College and State University. In addition to winning International Bluegrass Music Association nominations three years in a row Hull received the Bluegrass Star Award, presented by the Bluegrass Heritage Foundation for advancing traditional bluegrass music and bringing it to new audiences while preserving its character and heritage.

Ethan Jodziewicz Nashville-based double bassist Ethan Jodziewicz thrives in performances and collaborations that combine traditional and contemporary elements, technical virtuosity with simplicity and passion. A rising star on the new acoustic music scene, he has been inspiring audiences with music that is fresh, exciting, and without boundaries.

Aside from his passion for music, he also serves as a defence analyst and consultant for the United States Government. On tour, he would study technical defense magazines and other defense technology manuals. Kelly also performs on the movie soundtrack of Don Gorske: Sonny is one of those artists whose career could fill volumes, but at the same time defies description. By the early 60s, he was working for Phil Spector. He then began singing with his then-wife, Cher, and by the end of the 60s his career had skyrocketed.

Their last television appearance was in on Late Night with David Letterman. As a politician, he began his career as they Mayor of Palm Springs, California, and is most remembered in that community for creating the Palm Springs International Film Festival, which is still held every year in his memory. Sonny also ran for a Senate nomination, and despite losing this race, ended up in Congress anyway upon winning a seat in the House of Representatives representing the 44th District of California.

While in Congress he fought for a bill to extend copyright protections, which never made it to the Senate.

Their ability to transcend genre and produce original sound has earned them comparisons from bands such as The Byrds, The Everly Brothers and The Avett Brothers. Their tight "Everly-esque" harmonies bring life to their timeless classics.

Pat McGee stated, "it stands out from the crowd, just as Taylor always has. With more than 15 years of experience, Taylor has shared the stage with artists such as O. Songwriting is my vehicle of choice in the relentless pursuit of identity and community. Thelma Houston is an American singer and actress. Constanten wrote orchestral pieces as a child. He stated his personal philosophy in a interview, "I know of no path that is better marked than the study of music.

However long it takes. In , he was an artist in residence at Harvard University. He also taught at the San Francisco Art Institute. Constanten also began to tour as a solo pianist, and was the house pianist for the radio program, West Coast Weekend, from to He also plays with a number of Grateful Dead tribute bands, including Jazz is Dead, a band which covers classic Dead songs with jazz influences.

Constanten has been an artist in residence off and on at the Mansion for the past 15 years! Tommy describes his first gig as when, at age 5, his grandfather gave him a nickel in exchange for singing a song. His parents gave him his first guitar at age The brainchild of Johnny Irion, U. While Johnny and his wife, Sarah Lee Guthrie were working on their fifth album released in , a friend suggested that he and his wife make a purely folk album and leave out the heavier rock sounds that Johnny usually brings to the table.

At first, he was hurt by the suggestion, but after some time and some thought, Johnny began channelling his rock and roll sounds into U. After assembling his remaining bandmates and a studio to record in, U. Elevator was fully formed, ready to go and has taken off since! They released their first self-titled album in , and toured with Stone Temple Pilots. She takes pride in the fact that she has always written her own songs, even after being signed to Warner Brothers Records in the UK in Ultra says she is honored to considered an icon of the dance and LGBT communities.

She lives in Baltimore. His plaintive guitar and hard-edged vocals have made him a fixture of the Texas music scene. San Antonio-born Walt Wilkins has been called a genius. His masterful crafting of story-songs are sought after and have been recorded by a multitude of artists including Kenny Rogers, Kellie Pickler, Eric Church, Bonnie Bishop, and Brandon Rhyder. Lyrical and political, personal and otherworldly at the same time, transcendent as well as down to earth, Walter is a musical treasure, an artist of the highest caliber.

To hear him is to be lifted into a mystical sphere. By , he switched to guitar and began his first band, The Parental Tears Band. By , he downsized to a duo with cellist Stephanie Winters, called The Nudes. The Nudes released three successful albums and toured with Richie Havens as his support act. His passion for performing was soon reignited, and he toured supporting Richie Havens from Guitarist and songster Warner Williams is one of the greatest unsung heroes of the Piedmont blues—an Eastern seaboard style that incorporates fiddle tunes, ballads, country and popular songs, ragtime, and gospel.

The son of a cement finisher and a house cleaner, Williams was one of 11 children raised in a musical family. He was a garbage collector in Maryland for nearly 60 years. By his early teens, Williams was hopping streetcars to get to the District, often paying his fare with a song. Williams started playing juke joints and house hops around the Maryland suburbs soon after.

When Williams married his wife, Karoline, and started his family, he continued to play on weeknights and weekends. All the blues legends tried to get him to go on tour with them — B. King the most notable. But he was afraid he would die on a tour bus, and he did not want to leave his family, so he always said no, only playing with them when they came to D.

Summerour has also helped guide Williams to bigger gigs at Wolf Trap, the National Folk Festival and other spots in recent years, but Williams is still more likely to be found playing a house party or a small club or busking on a street corner.

At the age of 88 Mr. No wonder everybody wants to work with him. On stage, he can charm a crowd whether fronting a band, or playing solo. Grammy Award-winning Will Lee delivers more than just fine music; his unique combination of talent and love of entertaining provides good feelings for all who see him perform. He formally studied music at the University of Miami, where he studied French Horn for a year before switching to bass.

Will continued to study the bass and practiced his fundamentals covering the songs of many classic artists, including the Beatles, Jimi Hendrix, Motown, and The Rascals.

In his early days, he played six sets a night with local bands. Yusuf Islam, commonly known by his former stage name, Cat Stevens, is a British singer-songwriter. He was inducted into the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame in She has been in the tourism and meetings industry for 31 years, and has had many uniquely DC opportunities. She is a road tripping junkie, and is happy to go anywhere on any day, particularly in the Mid-Atlantic.

She loves flea markets, auctions, outdoorsy adventures and craft shows anywhere; exploring every place she goes and shopping the local color. She knows most of DC by landmarks and loves to explore the nooks and crannies of her home town. She keeps a list of places she still needs to go and things she needs to do in the city, as there are always spots and events to explore that one might not yet know.

In her spare time, she maintains her own small business, Urban Safari, which deals in creating special off-the-beaten-path visits to unique and intriguing locations in the US and abroad. Click here to see the full list of authors that have appeared at the museum. Brad Meltzer is an American novelist, best known for his political thrillers. He is one of very few authors to have bestselling books for both the Fiction and Non-Fiction genres, and his books have been translated into over 25 languages.

The novel creatively proposes new evidence and cracks open a shocking story that delivers a gut punch to the music industry. Today he is still a student of rock and roll and an avid collector of rock memorabilia. As an executive in a leading global company Formant is the unlikeliest of authors of a murder mystery. However, the continued unanswered questions surrounding the deaths of our most iconic rock legends led Formant to first speculate and then re-imagine what would happen if cutting-edge technology were applied to these famous cold cases.

By conducting research into the archives of the Hall of Fame, studying advanced forensics techniques and gaining creative insights from top doctors, FBI investigators and a former editor of Rolling Stone magazine, Formant crafted what is being referred to as the "The DaVinci Code for Rock and Roll Fans.

In his new book, Main Street Smarts, successful entrepreneur and business leader David Morgan provides the real-world, street-smart tactics needed to take your small business to the next level. Through his strategic leadership, STS has grown significantly by penetrating new and emerging markets through a diversified client base in 18 countries across four continents.

A former firefighter and paramedic, Morgan also serves on the advisory boards for several companies and regularly speaks about entrepreneurship at the University of Maryland Smith School of Business and Georgetown University Law School.

He recently coauthored a book with his brother Daniel Morgan, an active duty infantry colonel in the U. Army, titled Chasing The White Rabbit: For example, "I need to get my contract to you to review and sign before I can get started on your assignment" can sound off-putting.

Elyse, who passed away in , was among the top photography consultants in the country. This was one of the earliest lessons in branding I applied to my business, and it set me on the right path for years to come. The Power of Words. In addition to her White House reporting she was also a columnist for Hearst Newspapers, as well as an established author. About The Author A consummate storyteller, Jackson Coppley illuminates in his writing what happens when technology intersects with human behavior and emotion.

What if a device could capture everything imaginable about one person, that person dies and you could ask it anything In she published A Bittersweet Season: Caring for Our Aging Parents - and Ourselves, a reflection on her experiences as the primary caretaker for her eighty-five year old mother. Jim Gilmore has created a unique and useful tool to help improve our observational skills.

His "Six Looking Glasses" provide a set of skills to master in order to enhance the way we look at the world around us. These include the ability to: Jim Gilmore coauthored the highly influential book, The Experience Economy: Now published in nineteen languages—the book spawned worldwide interest in experience design, experiential marketing, and customer experience management.

In a career that has spanned philanthropy, politics, public service, and the Fortune , John Heubusch is the executive director of the Ronald Reagan Presidential Foundation and Institute and has served as the first president of the Waitt Institute, a nonprofit research organization dedicated to historic discovery and scientific exploration.

He has followed up his irresistible, action-packed debut thriller The Shroud Conspiracy with its even more sensational sequel, The Second Coming. I would read anything he writes.

Eley wrote the book "Tickers: And Pursue a Career They Love! Eley knew she wanted to make a life change. Along the way, she interviewed a man who uses flying monkeys to reach his students, an inspiring coach and teacher who defied death, an entrepreneur who travels the country with a toilet suitcase, an animal trainer who crisscrosses the country with her cat circus, a travel agent who sends her customers into the unknown, and many more!

Eley asks the questions many people ask themselves: If you love what you do, will you really never work another day in your life? Are people who are passionate about what they do really different from everyone else? They do what they love to do. As a writing coach and publisher, Eley is passionate about helping others become their best selves - to find a career they love, to pursue what makes them "tick", and to look forward to getting out of bed every morning yes, even on Mondays!

Her client Shirley T. Burke, who is publishing her first book this year, joins her! The popular Japanese puzzle game Sudoku is based on the logical placement of numbers. Your job is to use logic to fill in the missing digits and complete the grid. Sudoku is a fun puzzle game once you get the hang of it. At the same time, learning to play Sudoku can be a bit intimidating for beginners.

So, if you are a complete beginner, here are a few Sudoku tips that you can use to improve your Sudoku skills. Now that you know a little more about Sudoku, play and enjoy this free online game.

Easybrain is a mobile games publisher with the most popular Sudoku app on the App Store and Google Play, and from August is the proud owner of www.

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The goal of Sudoku is to fill in a 9×9 grid with digits so that each column, row, and 3×3 section contain the numbers between 1 to 9. At the beginning of the game, the 9×9 grid will have some of the squares filled in. Truman State University was founded in by Joseph Baldwin as the North Missouri Normal School and Commercial nehonowabusisi.mln was a pioneer in education, and his school quickly gained official recognition in by the Missouri General Assembly, which designated it as the first public teaching college in Missouri.

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The FAU Max Planck Honors Program (MPHP) Eligible College of Science majors in Biology, Psychology, and Neuroscience and Behavior may apply to participate in this Jupiter-specific honors program for undergraduates. A selection of recent stories about the San Francisco State University community that have appeared in the media. Note: These summaries link directly to pages published by the media outlets cited.